Thinking Skills

Critical Thinking teaches how to analyse and evaluate the arguments, the reasons which supports a conclusion that are designed to persuade you supported by evidence. Evidence is the information used to support the reasons and conclusion contained in the argument.
However, Credibility, so as to persuade need evidence and making a judgement about the credibility or believability of the evidence. So, the evidence comes from a source, which it is important to asses the credibility of it.
Another factor that is given by Critical Thinking is the Credibility Criteria, the techniques which can be used to judge the credibility provided by the sources and evidence. The sources and evidence are judge because there are different ways of obtaining the source.
Some people obtain a neutral source which is impartial and has no motive to lie, it never takes sides. Others have vested interest, that they have something to gain from promoting and defending a particular side. This could led to lie, avoid some sources or even distort them which lead to reduce the credibility. What is more, this could lead to bias, meaning that haves a favouring a particular view, seeing things in a particular way. Another source sre given by experts (expertise), which is generally considerated highly credible and the higher reputation of the source, the more credible the source is.
All in all, the most known source is the eyewitness accounts, meaning, when someone observes the event (that what they say may or not be true). Then, when some pieces of evidences are connected and end up creating a line of events, it suggests the same thing, is known as Corroboration. The Selectivity is fundamental when it comes to select the evidence. Finally, the context, which involves the setting and the situation is very important to analyse it very carefully.


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